Complications of cirrhosis (part 4)

Published : 27 Nov 2021 08:18 PM

Infections:  If you have cirrhosis, your body may have difficulty fighting infections. Ascites can lead to bacterial peritonitis, a serious infection.

Malnutrition:  Cirrhosis may make it more difficult for your body to process nutrients, leading to weakness and weight loss.

Buildup of toxins in the brain (hepatic encephalopathy): A liver damaged by cirrhosis isn't able to clear toxins from the blood as well as a healthy liver can. These toxins can then build up in the brain and cause mental confusion and difficulty concentrating. With time, hepatic encephalopathy can progress to unresponsiveness or coma.

Jaundice: Jaundice occurs when the diseased liver doesn't remove enough bilirubin, a blood waste product, from your blood. Jaundice causes yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes and darkening of urine.

Bone disease: Some people with cirrhosis lose bone strength and are at greater risk of fractures.

Increased risk of liver cancer: A large proportion of people who develop liver cancer have pre-existing cirrhosis.

Acute-on-chronic cirrhosis: Some people end up experiencing multiorgan failure. Researchers now believe this is a distinct complication in some people who have cirrhosis, but they don't fully understand its causes.

    Courtesy: Mayo Clinic