Speakers at a day-long workshop on Sunday said south-western part of Bangladesh is one of the disaster prone zones of the globe owing to its geographical location as well as natural reasons.
The ‘District Workshop on Climate Change Hazards, Impact and Adaptation’ was held at the conference room of Khulna Circuit House. Local Government Engineering Department (LGED), Khulna arranged the workshop an initiative of Coastal Climate Resilient Infrastructure Project (CCRIP) funded by ADB.
Deputy Director of Local Government Department of Deputy Commissioner’s Office Ishrat Jahan was present as the chief guest in the inaugural session. Additional Superintendent of Police Md Badiuzzaman and deputy director of Department of Agriculture Extension (DAE) Md Abdul Latif was present as special guests with Executive Engineer of LGED Md Rakib-ul-Alam in the chair.
Among others, International Center for Climate Change Affairs of Independent University, Dhaka Prof Sardar Shafiqul Alam was present as resource person.
The speakers said that due to climate change the frequency and intensity of disasters are increasing, threaten lives and livelihood. A large number of people are become ultra poor due to disaster and climate change effect. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) could reduce vulnerability in coastal people, they said.
The speakers also said that if we implement sustainable activity for the natural resource dependent coastal people, especially for the women, disable community and low income group then the socio-economic condition will be strong and such adaptation capacity will be enhance. Alternative livelihood option can improve food security in the coastal belt. To enhance adaptation capacity and awareness campaign could build disaster resilience community.
They said climate change had left an adverse impact on the coastal belt of the country where storms, cyclones, tidal surges, droughts, river erosion and water-logging are now common. They referred to several storms that have already battered the area recently, like Sidr on November 15, 2007 and Aila on May 25, 2009.
Further threats arise from global climate change, especially sea level rise along with its salinity, which has already caused death to many big trees of the largest mangrove forest Sundarbans, they added.
Apart from this, the regulation of river flows by a series of dams, barrages and embankments for diverting upstream water for various human needs and for flood control has caused large reduction in freshwater inflow which has seriously affected the biodiversity due to an increase in salinity and changes in sedimentation, they also said.