Every day on average 1700 people enter Dhaka and it is the 11th most densely populated cities in the world. An astonishingly high population of 32,400 live per square kilometer of the capital and within 2035, 10.10 crore people will be living in the urban areas of Bangladesh. The rapid rate of population growth in Dhaka and other major cities only adds more to their already existing urban dilemmas. Even if the authorities put in all of their efforts, chances are high that soon the resources to cater to this huge population will run out.
The problem of water, electricity, gas, public transport and rent is already faced by majority of the urban residents in Bangladesh. More apartment buildings and high rises are taking their toll on the city’s water underground water reserve. Be it summer or winter, water crisis becomes acute especially in the residential areas. Increasing rent and lack of sufficient public transport are also two of the main problems that urban residents suffer from.
It is important to identify the key reasons behind rapid urbanization and their solutions are thus provided. People tend to move to bigger cities because of villages have lower wage and job opportunities. A rickshaw puller in Dhaka or a tea-stall owner in Chattogram earns a lot less in daily earnings in the villages. Moreover, bigger cities also have better educational facilities which is why many students from the rural areas come to study in the urban cities. Environmental catastrophes such as cyclones, floods, and draughts also lead villagers to leave lose their homes and move to the cities. Therefore, poverty alleviation is vital for our rural areas.
In order to improve the standard of living in the regional cities and towns and take pressure off the major cities, investment has to be increased in the rural education, health and financial sector. If rural residents have higher job opportunities along with better healthcare and educational facilities at their hometowns, they will not be forced to migrate
to big cities.