In the State of the World’s Children Reports, the United Nations Children’s Fund (Unicef) has recognized Bangladesh’s tremendous success in reducing the mortality rate among children under zero to five years old. The organization said through the report that this massive achievement has been possible due to a sea enhancement in healthcare services at the rural level. More encouraging is the fact that Bangladesh is ahead of is two neighbours, India and Pakistan, in reducing child mortality. Notably, Bangladesh has achieved success in preventing maternal mortality too.
According to the Unicef reports, child mortality rate in Bangladesh was as high as 144, in the 1990s, among one thousand children under five, which, in 2014, dropped to only 38. This goal has been achieved due to the successful immunization programmes, diarrhoea control and the widespread use of Vitamin-A supplementary drugs. In addition, in the last one and a half decades, the death rate of children below one year has decreased significantly in Bangladesh. In 1990, the rate was 100 among one thousand which stood at 31 in 2015.
It is to be noted that after achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in reducing maternal and child mortality, Bangladesh is working, to an increasing extent, to achieve sustainable development goals (SDGs) by 2030. The government has taken various action plans to prevent maternal and child mortality. Healthcare facilities have been made even smoother, i.e. by setting up community clinics, to avail in the grassroots level. The Unicef’s acknowledgment is indeed encouraging for the entire nation. That the country has successfully reduced child mortality rate by 73 per cent over the last 24 years is because it has benefited from the proper implementation of the action plans adeptly prepared.
In the case of attaining SDGs before the timeframe, more combined and planned efforts are needed. Apart from creating awareness among the common people for further progress in this respect, the overall healthcare programmes need to be accelerated. Knowledge of nutrition needs to be spread across the country, especially in the rural areas. In order to achieve the sustainable development targets, the government will have to be more endeavouring to tackle the crisis of doctors and nurses in the remote areas.