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States around the world must act now to strengthen their efforts to prevent and combat trafficking in human beings, including by ensuring that victims and potential victims are considered and treated as rights holders.

In a statement to mark World Day against Trafficking in Persons, UN human rights expert, Maria Grazia Giammarinaro, says the issue is particularly urgent, reports a news agency. “Many people who fall prey to traffickers are migrants, including refugees and asylum seekers, who have decided to leave their country for various reasons, such as conflict, natural disaster, persecution or extreme poverty.

They have left behind their social protection network, and are particularly vulnerable to trafficking and exploitation,” said Maria Grazia.

In the current poisonous anti-migration political atmosphere, migrants are often targeted as a threat, while in reality they contribute to the prosperity of the host countries where they live and work, according to a statement UNB received from Geneva on Friday. In this context, the anti-trafficking discourse is often misused to justify restrictive migration policies and push-back activities.

Taking a stand against xenophobic and racist approaches, as well as violence, hatred and discrimination, is a moral duty which is in everyone’s power. “States have an obligation to prevent trafficking. It is a gross human rights violation. In the context of the Global Migration Compact, States should establish – in addition to international protection schemes – individualised procedures and appropriate indicators to identify migrants’ vulnerabilities to trafficking and exploitation, and provide them with tailored solutions to prevent further harm,” said Maria Grazia.

In many countries, human rights activists and civil society organisations have been criminalised and ostracised for acting in solidarity with migrants and victims and potential victims of trafficking, she said. “All over the world, civil society organisations are playing a pivotal role in saving lives, and protecting people from trafficking, during search and rescue operations, and on arrival in transit and destination countries.

Any attempt to delegitimise their humanitarian work is unacceptable,” said the expert. “On World Day against Trafficking in Persons, my message is that, even in difficult times, inclusion, not exclusion, is the answer,” she added.