If you have diabetes, your blood sugar levels are too high. With type 2 diabetes, this happens because your body does not make enough insulin, or it does not use insulin well (this is called insulin resistance). If you are at risk for type 2 diabetes, you might be able to prevent or delay developing it.
Who is at risk for type 2 diabetes?
Many Americans are at risk for type 2 diabetes. Your chances of getting it depend on a combination of risk factors such as your genes and lifestyle. The risk factors include
• Being overweight or having obesity
• Being age 45 or older
• A family history of diabetes
• Being African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander
• Having high blood pressure
• Having a low level of HDL (good) cholesterol or a high level of triglycerides
• A history of diabetes in pregnancy
• Having given birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds or more
• An inactive lifestyle
Courtesy: Medline Plus