Iran urges China, Russia to save nuclear deal

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif on Friday urged ‘friends’ including China and Russia to take ‘concrete action’ to safeguard the 2015 nuclear deal after the US withdrew from the agreement. On a visit to Beijing, Zarif said he would also talk with Chinese officials about ‘bilateral ties and the very dangerous issues that are ongoing in our region today,’ according to a video published on the Iranian foreign ministry website, report agencies.

Amid rising tensions in the Gulf, Iran on Thursday rejected negotiations with the US and said it was showing ‘maximum restraint’ after Washington sent extra military forces to the region against what it claimed was an imminent threat from Tehran. Concerns about a possible conflict have flared since the White House ordered warships and bombers to the region to counter an alleged, unexplained threat from Iran that has seen America order nonessential diplomatic staff out of Iraq.

Tensions have also ratcheted up in the region after authorities alleged that a sabotage operation targeted four oil tankers on Sunday off the coast of the United Arab Emirates, and Iran-aligned rebels in Yemen claimed responsibility for a drone attack Tuesday on a crucial Saudi oil pipeline. Saudi Arabia directly blamed Iran for the drone assault, and a local newspaper linked to the Al Saud royal family called on Thursday for America to launch ‘surgical strikes’ on Tehran.

This all takes root in President Donald Trump's decision last year to withdraw the US from the 2015 nuclear accord between Iran and world powers and impose wide-reaching sanctions. But Trump took a soft tone Thursday, a day after tweeting that he expected Iran to look for talks. Asked if the US might be on a path to war with the Iranians, the president answered, ‘I hope not.’

Iranian officials remain skeptical. Imposing sanctions while seeking talks is like ‘pointing a gun at someone and demanding friendship,’ said Iranian Gen. Rasool Sanaeirad, according to the semi-official Mehr news agency. That comment was echoed by Majid Takht-e Ravanchi, Iran's ambassador to the United Nations.

‘They want to have the stick in their hands, trying to intimidate Iran at the same time calling for a dialogue,’ Ravanchi told CBS. ‘What type of dialogue is this?’
For his part, Trump criticized the media in a tweet Friday about Iran and added: ‘At least Iran doesn't know what to think, which at this point may very well be a good thing!’ Since the White House's decision May 5 to deploy the bombers and aircraft carrier, the US government has declined repeated requests to publicly explain the new threat they perceive coming from Tehran.

Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif later responded to Trump on Twitter. ‘We in Iran have actually known what to think for millennia_and about the US, since 1953,’ the diplomat wrote, referring to the CIA's involvement in the overthrow of Iran's prime minister at the time. ‘At this point, that is certainly 'a good thing!'‘ Then Trump appeared to minutes later respond to Zarif's tweet.

‘With all of the Fake and Made Up News out there, Iran can have no idea what is actually going on!’ the US president wrote. On Friday, Zarif arrived in Beijing to speak to his Chinese counterpart. China was one of the signatories on Iran's 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, which saw it limit its enrichment of uranium in exchange for the lifting of crushing economic sanctions.

‘So far, the international community has mainly made statements instead of saving the deal,’ Zarif said, according to a report by the state-run IRNA news agency. ‘The practical step is quite clear: economic relations with Iran should be normalized. This is what the deal clearly addresses.’ Foreign Minister Wang Yi told Zarif that China hopes the Iran nuclear deal can be ‘fully implemented.’

‘China firmly opposes unilateral sanctions and the so-called 'long arm' jurisdiction imposed by the United States on Iran,’ Wang said, according to China's Xinhua state news agency. He pledged to maintain the nuclear deal and work with Iran to eliminate ‘complicated disturbing factors,’ Xinhua said. Zarif earlier visited Japan, a major importer of crude oil from the Persian Gulf.

Iran recently said it would resume enriching uranium at higher levels if a new nuclear deal is not reached with Europe by July 7. That would potentially bring it closer to being able to develop a nuclear weapon, something Iran insists it has never sought. The USS Abraham Lincoln and its carrier strike group have yet to reach the Strait of Hormuz, the narrow mouth of the Persian Gulf through which a third of all oil traded at sea passes. A Revolutionary Guard deputy warned that any armed conflict would affect the global energy market. Iran long has threatened to be able to shut off the strait.

‘If a war happens, the world will suffer from problem in energy supply,’ Gen. Saleh Jokar said, according to a report Friday by the semi-official Fars news agency. He also said Iran's short-range missiles ‘can easily reach present warships in the Persian Gulf,’ while noting the 2,000-kilometer (1,240-mile) range of the Islamic Republic's ballistic missiles can reach across the wider Persian Gulf.

The US Navy's 5th Fleet, which patrols the Persian Gulf from its base in Bahrain, did not immediately respond to a request for comment. However, the USS McFaul and the USS Gonzalez, two Arleigh Burke-class destroyers, transited the strait on Thursday without incident. Also on Friday, Britain's Foreign Office advised against all travel to Iran by British-Iranian dual nationals. The government said the upgraded travel warning is in response to Iran's ‘continued arbitrary detention and mistreatment’ of dual nationals and of Iranian citizens working for institutions linked to Britain. Benchmark Brent crude traded near $73 a barrel on Friday, up around half a percent.