Due to different programmes and initiatives of the government, women participation in mainstream economic activities is on rise by removing all social and financial barriers.
Opportunity of access to financial assistance and market, family limitations, lack of confidence in business abilities, gender biasness, and other factors are major hurdles for women entrepreneurs in Bangladesh.
Different ministries and departments of Bangladesh government have been implementing a number of schemes including providing easy term loan facilities to address the problems in the development of women entrepreneurship.
By taking facilities of the government, women in Bangladesh are now involving with wholesale and retail business or production system and setting up industries. In this way, they are now also contributing to employment generation.
Officials concerned informed that the government has simplified the process of receiving bank loans and women are getting additional benefits in this regard.
The number of women entrepreneurs in the country has more than doubled in the last one decade and at present, the ratio of women among the total new entrepreneurs every year is 32 percent, they mentioned.
They also informed that women are at the forefront of creating online entrepreneurs during the covid-19 pandemic.
Officials added that the government has taken steps to ensure collateral-free loans for women entrepreneurs as it is difficult for women to give mortgage.
An official of the SME Foundation said that they have disbursed a total of Tk 200 crore loan in the current fiscal of 2021-22.
Of which, 30 per cent or Tk 60 crore has been distributed to women entrepreneurs, he added.
He also informed that an entrepreneur can take Taka 1 lakh to Taka 50 lakh as loan as no collateral is required for loan up to Tk 25 lakh.
He mentioned that Bangladesh Bank has reduced interest rates on loans for women entrepreneurs as a whole.
He said although the interest rate of conventional bank loans is 9 percent, but, women entrepreneurs are receiving loans at 5 percent interest.
Talking to BSS, Palli Karma-Sahayak Foundation (PKSF) Chairman Dr Qazi Kholiquzzaman Ahmad said that women entrepreneurs in Bangladesh have a very creative ability.
"They can learn by watching any hard task. However, obtaining funds for them can be made easier," he added.
He said many women entrepreneurs are not aware of the policies that the government has provided for them. "We need to be more proactive in informing women entrepreneurs about this," he added.
He said PKSF has set a target of lending around Taka 6,000 crore in the current financial year. There is no need of collateral for Taka 5 lakh to Taka 10 lakh loan, he added.
However, since the Covid-19 pandemic crippled many businesses and kept impact on livelihoods of thousands, many were forced to resort to alternative means of income including exploring substitute channels.
Online-based business or E-commerce seemed to be a viable means of income in these perilous times. Individuals, particularly women, took this as an opportunity to start new businesses or flourish their existing ones.
According to the e-Commerce Association of Bangladesh (e-CAB), the sector saw at least 100,000 new entrepreneurs joining the online market.
For the past few years, Bangladesh's e-commerce business expanded rapidly, with women entrepreneurs increasingly starting their online-based small and medium enterprises (SMEs) through facebook.
Bangladesh currently has 2,500 e-commerce sites and a huge number of unofficial online shops run by women selling items worth over $2 billion, making it the 46th largest country in terms of e-commerce sales globally.
As per the e-CAB, now shopping is going on through about 20,000 facebook pages in the country. Of these, 12,000 pages are run by women. Using facebook as a medium, women are becoming entrepreneurs with little capital.