Security and refugee experts of the country on Thursday said after the verdict of the International Court of Justice on Rohingya genocide at The Hague, the ongoing diplomacy of Bangladesh for solving the issue would be much more strengthened. They said though Myanmar authorities repeatedly denied committing genocide targeting Muslim communities in Myanmar, it has been globally recognized that there has been a textbook example of ethnic cleansing there.
Dr Amena Mohsin, former chairman of the Department of International Relations of Dhaka University said, “The ICJ’s interim verdict was focused on the Rohingyas currently living inside Myanmar. They did not deliver the verdict focusing on the thousands of displaced Myanmar people living in different camps in Cox’s Bazar.”
But it was a landslide victory for the Roningya communities, she said adding,“ I must treat the Rohingya as a whole community.” Through the verdict, it was established that Rohingyas, who are currently living in Myanmar, are living under a threat of genocide, she opined. It was also recognized that the Rohingyas in Myanmar are in a vulnerable position, the leading refugee expert said.
Though the ICJ did not mention the Rohingyas who had left Myanmar, it implies that Rohingyas as a whole are under the overall threat of genocide, Professor Dr Amena Mohsin opined. It is also very important that ICJ mentioned the Myanmar Army and ICJ told Myanmar authorities to take measures for protecting Rohingya communities.
Professor Dr Amena Mohsin said, “It was a strong message from the ICJ that genocide was committed in Myanmar.” About the immediate impacts of the ICJ’s interim verdict, she said, “Since the ICJ verdict goes to the Security Council, the highest policy-making body of the United Nations, I think the Security Council may act on the verdict, though Myanmar’s close allies--- China and Russia, are there .”
Terming the ICJ verdict as a very daring one, Professor Dr. Delwar Hossain, former chairman of the Dhaka University’s International Relations Department, said, “The verdict is a very substantive global development on Rohingya crisis.” The impact of the verdict will go on Myanmar and the countries which are supporting Myanmar, he opined.
Through the verdict, it was primarily confirmed that there was a genocide in Myanmar, he further said. Myanmar’s claim of having no right of filing case by Gambia on Rohingya issue, was rejected, he said. I think now there is a good chance for Bangladesh and Rohingya community for mounting global pressures on Myanmar authorities, he added.
He also said, “Those who stand beside Myanmar-- Russia and China- their positions will be more vulnerable after the ICJ’s verdict. Especially the position of China will be vulnerable.”
He however warned that Bangladesh should be very careful so that Myanmar cannot trap Bangladesh in the name of bilateral discussion. Myanmar may try to trap Bangladesh by signing a deal, saying that they will bring back another ten thousand Rohingyas from Bangladesh.
Bangladesh should be more powerful in the bilateral negotiation with Myanmar, he suggested. Leading security expert of the country Major General ( rtd) Abdur Rashid, however, said, “No resolution will be passed in the UN Security Council as China and Russia will strongly support Myanmar.”
But he opined that when it would be spread out globally that they ( China and Russia) are still supporting injustice and crime against humanity, they will feel seriously embarrassed, he continued. The world opinion will also go against the countries which support Myanmar’s atrocities and genocide, he warned. He said, “After the ICJ’s verdict , Myanmar has been primarily defeated in its legal battle.”