More than half of the world’s 7.1 million school-age refugee children – about 3.7 million – do not go to school, UN Refugee Agency UNHCR said in a report on Friday, report agencies. The report – Stepping Up Refugee Education in Crisis – shows that as refugee children grow older, the barriers preventing them from accessing education become harder to overcome.
Only 63 percent of refugee children go to primary school, compared to 91 percent globally. Around the world, 84 percent adolescents get a secondary education, while only 24 percent refugees get that opportunity. “School is where refugees are given a second chance,” said Filippo Grandi, UN High Commissioner for Refugees. “We’re failing refugees by not giving them the opportunity to build the skills and knowledge they need to invest in their futures.” The steep decline in refugee enrolment between primary and secondary school is the direct result of lack of funding for refugee education.
UNHCR called on governments, private sector, educational organisations and donors to fund a new initiative aimed at kick-starting secondary education for refugees. “We need to invest in refugee education or pay the price of a generation of children condemned to grow up unable to live independently, find work and be full contributors to their communities,” said Grandi.
The secondary school initiative will target the construction and refurbishment of schools, teacher training, and giving financial support to refugee families so that they can cover the expenses of sending their children to school. This year’s report also calls for refugees to be included in national education systems instead of being corralled into unofficial parallel schools, and to be allowed to follow a formal, recognised curriculum all the way through pre-primary, primary and secondary school.
This will give them the recognised qualifications that can be their springboard to university or higher vocational training. At present, even if refugee adolescents overcome the odds and make it through secondary school, only three percent will be lucky enough to get a place in some form of higher education.
This pales in comparison to the global figure of 37 percent. UNHCR has also called for a more realistic approach on the part of schools, universities and education ministries towards documentation. Many refugees are barred from the classroom because they left behind exam and course certificates, as well as ID documents, when they fled their homes.
Even when these documents are available, some host countries refuse to recognise certification issued in refugees’ country of origin. The issue of education for the world’s refugee children is urgent. By the end of 2018, there were more than 25.9 million refugees around the world – 20.4 million under UNHCR’s mandate.
About half were under the age of 18, and millions were living in protracted situations, with little hope of returning home in the near future. Rallying support for the secondary education initiative will be a key part of the forthcoming Global Refugee Forum, which takes place in December 2019 and is a critical opportunity to strengthen the world’s collective response to refugee situations.