New Delhi Correspondent
India on Tuesday urged developed countries to fulfill their obligations expeditiously and take the lead in the fight against climate change by their actions as well as the provision of enhanced financial and other support to developing countries for enabling them to enhance their climate ambition. India also asked developed countries to make “urgent efforts” to fulfil their climate finance commitment of mobilizing USD 100 billion per year by 2020 and substantially scale up their financial support to developing countries to cope with climate change in post-2020 period.
“Lack of ambition of developed countries and their unfulfilled promises should not place additional burden on developing countries to further enhance the level of ambition of their National Development Charters,” India’s Environment Minister Harsh Vardhan told the ministerial meet of BASIC (Brazil, South Africa, India and China) countries being hosted by New Delhi.
He said finance is one of the critical enablers of climate actions in developing countries along with technology development and transfer and capacity-building support and any regression or slow progress on these will hamper the progress of developing countries towards achieving higher ambition in their actions.
“We find that there is considerable difference in what is communicated as climate finance by different countries. Public finance in the form of grants and concessional finance is required for climate actions. The developed countries should finalize a new collective finance goal in time for the global stock-take in 2023,” according to Vardhan.
He said it must be ensured that the progress on NDCs at COP 24 does not yield an outcome that is just mitigation-centric but address all elements including mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology development and transfer and capacity building.
Vardhan said barriers like high patent cost of green energy technologies and non-facilitative Intellectual Property Rights regimes should be addressed as they continue to impede the progress of renewable energy and energy efficiency deployment.“We must attack these barriers,” he said.
The Indian minister said since the developing countries have played little role in the present climate change challenge but are bearing the brunt of the historic greenhouse gas emissions by developed countries, adequate support must be provided to developing countries by developed countries to help them undertake adaptation actions.
Vardhan said the reporting norm for actions to tackle climate change under the transparency framework should be based on the principle of differentiation, providing greater flexibility to developing countries and should also provide relevant information on the support provided by developed countries to developing countries, he said.
He said “developed countries seem to be shedding their responsibilities in pre-2020 period and delaying climate action, which is neither in accordance with the agreed principles of the UNFCCC, or latest scientific findings on climate change.”
“This would not only put additional mitigation burden on developing countries in post-2020 period but will also increase the overall costs and present greater economic challenges for us to make a transition to low carbon growth pathway,” he said.