Today’s’ children are the future of our country and for ensuring their bright future they must get the opportunity to grow up as healthy individuals. But, in urban areas, because of high pollution level health of children is getting affected in many ways. Environment pollution is worse in the industrial zones where factory waste and human waste do not get cleared on a regular basis. On top of it, the density of population in the industrial zones is more than double compared to other areas as low paid workers look for small compartments to live with their family members. Poor condition of drainage and sanitation system coupled with uncollected garbage become breeding grounds of life-threatening bacteria.
There is no denying that industrial development is the building block of a country’s economic growth and one of the integral parts of a country’s sustainable development. The development of a country is often determined by its industrial growth. Hence, it is needless to say that we need both industrial growth as well as good health of children for sustainable development of a country. Experts opine that for a healthy generation we should give utmost attention to child health and child-friendly environment.
It is found in a recent study that children living in and around the industrial areas are vulnerable to respiratory diseases due to industrial pollution. Children live in industrial zones often get afflicted by diseases like asthma, breathing problem, eye sore, malnutrition, physical weakness and so on. Also children born in industrial areas are vulnerable to chronic ill-health and often premature death.
Researchers have found out that children born within 0.8 kilometer distance from industrial areas are likely to be born with less weight than children in other areas. In accordance with the experts pregnant mothers living in the industrial areas are not safe from industrial pollution too. Consequently, their children also get afflicted by the grave impacts of industrial pollution.
Though children living in the industrial areas are mainly affected by asthma, most of the parents do not get concerned about this disease at early stage. In most of the cases, parents bring their kids to doctors at the last minute. Hence, it becomes very challenging to save the lives of the children. In this regard building concrete awareness and proper planning are expected from the masses of the people.
Residential homes and houses should not be built in or around industrial zones. Moreover, most of the industries in the country do not follow the rules and regulations for reducing pollution. Most of the factories do not have proper waste management system. As a result, various types of contagious diseases overwhelm children living close to the industrial areas.
As sustainable developsboth on industrialisation and healthy life of the children, certain practices should be suggested through which a country can balance both in a coordinated manner. For example, if a country can strictly control establishment of factories and industries in the densely populated areas, and if all the industries in the country follow the rules and regulations, we can create a healthy environment for our children.