There are two types of geography: physical geography and human geography. Physical geography is the study of the earth’s physical characteristics and processes, including climate and weather systems, rock formations, oceans and the shifting of tectonic plates. Human geography, on the other hand, studies human societies – how they’re formed, how they operate, and the struggles they face to thrive and survive. The branch of geography that most students will study at some point in their high school or college career is physical geography.
The study of physical geography revolves around the questions “Where?” and “Why?”. It usually begins by attempting to answer “Where?” Where are continents located? Where are the oceans? Where are the seas, major rivers, etc? As you progress in your study of geography, you’ll extend this investigation to include topography, natural resources, and of course, human civilizations – countries, cities and towns.
Once you’ve gotten a hand on the WHERE, you’ll beginning to address the WHY. Why are continents located where they are? What forms the oceans? How does plate tectonics work? Why do people choose to live in certain areas? Is it due to the availability of natural resources, ease of transportation, climate, or other factors?
Geography often crosses over to the study of history and economics. Which of earth’s geographical features (mountains, rivers, natural resources, etc.) influenced human settlement and migration? What historical events caused people to inhabit and settle certain regions? How do these people make a living? What crops grow in these regions? What are the major industries these regions support? As you study geography, you’ll attempt to answer these questions and many more.
Employ memory techniques
Our world is home to 5 oceans, 7 seas, 7 continents, 179 major rivers, 196 countries, over 300 mountain ranges, 1,720 provinces and 4,416 recognized cities. From a geographical perspective, the world is just about as complex as the human body. Luckily, as a geography student you won’t be required to memorize every aspect of the world you live in, but you are going to be required to learn a lot.
Visualize information
For most of us, it’s far easier to remember the details of a picture (what we see) than the details of a lecture (what we hear). Visualization is a memorization strategy that can be used when studying just about any subject, but it’s particularly effective when studying geography.
Frequent Reviewing
If you want to do well in your geography class, it’s important that you frequently review your notes. One of the keys to memory retention and recall is to consistently reviewing your notes and other study materials weeks before your exam(s). Geography is one of those classes where students like to cram. It is possible to memorize all the states in a country overnight, but the information won’t stick with you very long after your test. To move information from your short-term to long-term memory, frequent reviewing is necessary. —Source: Education Corner