Today is the 150th anniversary of birth of Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi’s birth anniversary is celebrated every year as Gandhi Jayanti to commemorate his ideals of peace and non-violence as well as his immense contribution to India’s freedom struggle.
In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish October 2 as the International Day of Non-Violence. Born on 2 October 1869, in Porbunder, a small town in India’s Gujarat, Gandhi studied law in the United Kingdom and practised law in South Africa.
After his return to India from South Africa in 1915, he set about organising peasants, farmers, and urban labourers to protest excessive land-tax and discrimination. Assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns for various social causes and for achieving self-rule.
Mahatma Gandhi set an example of simple living and high thinking. He was a pioneer of truth and non-violence. He started the ‘Satyagraha’ (non-violence) movement for the Indian freedom struggle. Through playing a very significant role in achieving India’s independence from the British Raj, he proved to the world that freedom can be achieved through the path of non-violence.