In an over-populated country like Bangladesh where natural resources are dwindling alarmingly, government has to find ways and means to ensure employment of half-educated young people of both genders. Our youth population is about 25 per cent of the total population, meaning over 4 crore, therefore it would be a massive task for anyone to find regular work or steady job for them. Because of lack of skilled or even semi-skilled workers, we are sending only unskilled workers abroad hence remittance volume remains one of the lowest in the world.
Therefore, experts feel that employment generation should be taken as top priority by the next government that will come after the general elections on December 30. It will be a major challenge and to overcome the present situation stronger and effective spending in education including technical education will have to be considered with due seriousness.
Our present education system produces thousands of university graduates having no special skill to compete for jobs at home or abroad. Besides, they lack language proficiency skill and as such cannot find jobs in multinationals at home or reputable organisations abroad. Our private universities are producing hundreds of BBA and MBA students who are jobless for many years because of their lacking in communication skills.
Experts are of the opinion that the situation can improve only if the bulk of these students go for technical or semi-technical education and get on-the-job training. These men and women would easily find jobs abroad. In many European countries there is a good demand for skilled male and female nurses. But our candidates cannot qualify because of lack of proficiency in English language. These high-salaried jobs are going mostly to Indian and Sri Lankan candidates.
The present government has taken some laudable steps to generate both employment and self-employment. But more needs to done to keep pace with the increase in population. We believe lessons can be learned from countries tshat have successfully reduced unemployment rate through adopting pragmatic policies.