National Sanitation Month begins from October 1. Average percentage gain out of the 100% sanitation target in Chandpur upazila has been 97 %. Health conscious citizens feel the necessity to achieve 100 percent success in implementing this district branding.
Countrywide Sanitation Program started its journey in 2003 by formulating strategies for balancing the Sanitation Program at district, upazila and union levels, starting from October every year in National Sanitation Month. In view of the ‘sustainable development and healthy sanitation’ theme, the program ‘National Sanitation Month October -2018’ aims to achieve 100% health sanitation through implementation of monthly awareness and motivation program in the country.
In 2003, the Department of Public Health Engineering, with the help of the Department of Zoology of Dhaka University, conducted a nationwide survey. According to the survey, in 2003 only 33% of the country had sanitation implementation.
According to a World Health Organization survey, 3,61,000 children die every year in the world due to diarrhea, stomach ache and dysentery. So on October 15, 2008 the United Nations invited Bangladesh to ‘World Man Washing Day’. From 2003 to 2018, a lot of public response has been generated among the common people for this initiative. The Public Representatives and NGOs are continuingwork on this.
According to the survey report of 2003, there were 3, 50,020 families in the 79 unions of 8 upazilas of Chandpur. The number of healthy latrine users was 1, 62,925 families.
According to the 2011 census, the number of families of all the upazilas in Chandpur stood up to 2, 60,000 families till June 2011. District and Upazila facilities with the help of local government engineering department, DPHE, 20% of union funded development work, government-approved NGOs, family or private enterprises were established or built by the community. With the increase in the number of sanitary latrines, the number of health-conscious latrine users increased to 4, 21, 19771.
According to the figures obtained, the use of sanitary latrines by 10,089 more families is yet to be. From the point of acquisition of sanitation Kachua and is ahead and Haimchar is the most behind. Especially in suburbs of the municipality or in the rural areas, conditions of sanitary latrines are vulnerable. In addition, changes in sanitation statistics are also due to joint families. Meanwhile 50 percent of the district has 100 percent sanitary latrines in the union.
Chandpur Public Health Engineering Department executive engineer Mahmud Kabir Chowdhury said, “We have been very successful in the field of sanitation. When we look at the environmental side, we can see that there is no tendency for open defecation. But it is not possible to expect 100 percent because every day there are new houses and sanitation latrines breaking down due to river erosion.”
He also said, “The general awareness of the use of sanitary latrines in general has increased. Waterborne diseases have decreased day by day. In the village home, a sanitary latrine is promoting family health. Nationally, the aim is to achieve 100 percent sanitation all over the country by 2018.”
He mentioned the aim of achieving 100 percent sanitation in the primary schools of Shaharasati, Hajiganj and Kachua of Chandpur district in the year 2015-2016 by the Bangladesh Rural Development and Sanitary Project.
In the year 2030, the government has decided to fulfill the goals of water and sanitary sanitation for all.
Bangladesh is in second place of all South Asian countries in sanitation. Every local UP council, NGOs and families of the country have responded well to the sanitation initiative. Currently, 57% of the households are using advanced sanitation in the country.
Abdul Ghoni, Chandpur