With a spectacular natural environment high quality of life and great diversity. Australia is a sought after destination for international tourists. It has 10 per cent of the world’s biodiversity and a great number of its native plants and animals exist nowhere else on earth. From tropical rainforests in the north to the red deserts of the centre, from the snowfietds of the south-east to the Australian Antarctic Territory, it is a vast and varied land. Australia has many World Heritage sites including the Great Barrier Reef. Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park and the Sydney Opera House.
Australia is home to one of the world’s oldest living cultures, with Aboriginal communities established nearly 60.000 years before European settlement Today. Australia is one of the world’s most multicultural countries, rich in Indigenous and immigrant cultures.
Australia is a successful and prosperous nation, ranked second in the United Nations Development Programme’s Human Development Report 2014.
Australia’s economy is consistently ranked among the strongest of advanced economies in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development It is the world s twelfth largest economy and a top performing nation on almost every measure of excellence, from health to wealth, from ease of doing business to educational attainment.
With low unemployment, low inflation and a highly skilled workforce, and with strong links with the fastest-growing region in the world – the indo-Pacific – Australia’s economy is set to prosper well into the future.
Australia’s foreign and trade policy promotes its security and long-term prosperity. It seeks to protect and advance its national interests in a rapi dly changing environment, while supporting a stable global order. Australia has been integrally involved in global efforts to build peace and security for decades. Just as It has in promoting global trade and investment liberalisation. Australia is a good international citizen, helping in times of crisis and supporting economic development in its region.
Message from Australian High Commissioner to Bangladesh on Australia Day 2019
On 26 January, Australia Day, Australians around the world unite to celebrate Australia. These celebrations reflect our contemporary Australia: our diverse society and landscape, our remarkable achievements and our bright future.
Australia is an outward-looking country that is strongly engaged with the rest of the world. It is also the most successful multicultural society in the world. Our people come from 200 countries.
For more than 60,000 years, Australia was cared for by the nations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. Theirs are the oldest continuing cultures on earth. For many indigenous Australians, Australia Day represents the complexities and hardship caused by European settlement. We recognise this history, and respect and honour our first Australians on our national day.
Australia’s strengths have long been reflected in its engagement with the international community. In 2018, Australia commenced a two-year term on the Human Rights Council. We welcome the opportunity to work with Bangladesh as a member of the Council during its term. We remain committed to the aims and purposes of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and to the ongoing promotion and protection of human rights.
Australia and Bangladesh are old friends, sharing Commonwealth traditions and strong links. The ties between us are forged by migration, family, business, education and sport. Over 40,000 Bangladeshi-born people live in Australia. Our two-way trade has continued to grow rapidly in the last year to over AUD2.3 billion, reflecting the complementary strengths of our economies.
Opportunities for Bangladesh students to undertake a world-class education in Australia are actively promoted in Bangladesh. The number of Bangladeshi students enrolled in Australian
education institutions has increased further in 2018 to over 7,000 students.
Australia and Bangladesh have a rich history of engagement on culture and the arts. In 2018, the Queensland Gallery of Modern Art’s Asia Pacific Triennial of Contemporary Art marked its twenty-fifth year. The exhibition showcases the most exciting works being produced in Asia, the Pacific and Australia. The exhibition for the first time included Bangladeshi artists, strengthening cultural engagement between the two countries.
In 2018-19, Australia is providing an estimated AUD59.8 million in development assistance to Bangladesh, with a focus on education, gender equality, social protection and skills development. Since Bangladesh’s independence, Australia’s development assistance has provided close to 3,000 higher education scholarships and fellowships for Bangladeshi nationals. We see education as the foundation for economic development and an important component in Bangladesh’s growth towards middle-income status and achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
Australia commends Bangladesh’s ongoing generosity and compassion in responding to the Rohingya crisis and has committed AUD70 million to support the humanitarian response.
I am proud today to reflect on our warm, constructive and friendly bilateral relations and look forward to expanding opportunities for engagement.
Ms Julia Niblett
Australian High Commissioner
to the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
AUSTRALIA’S NATIONAL SYMBOLS
THE AUSTRALIAN FLAG
The stars of the Southern Cross represent Australia’s geographic position in the Southern Hemisphere. The large Commonwealth star symbolises the federation of the states and territories, and the Union Jack reflects Australia’s early ties to Great Britain.
Australia’s national colours are green and gold, the colours of its national floral emblem the Golden Wattle.
THE COAT OF ARMS
The Australian coat of arms consists of a shield containing the badges of the six Australian states symbolising federation, and the national symbols of the Golden Wattle, the kangaroo and the emu. By popular tradition, the kangaroo is accepted as the national animal emblem. The Golden Wattle was proclaimed the national floral emblem in August 1988.
Australia Day is celebrated each year on 26 January. The date is the anniversary of the unfurling of the British flag at Sydney Cove in 1788.
Australia has 12 public holidays a year, including New Year’s Day. Australia Day and Anzac Day.
Advance Australia Fair has been Australia’s official national anthem since 19 April 1984.
Australians all let us rejoice.
For we are young and free:
We’ve golden soi and wealth for toil;
Our home is girt by sea:
Our land abounds in nature’s gifts
Of beauty rich and rare;
In history’s page, let every stage Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing.
Advance Australia Fair.
Beneath our radiant Southern Cross We’O toil with hearts and hands;
To make this Commonwealth of ours Renowned of all the lands;
For those who’ve come across the seas We ve boundless plains to share;
With courage let us all combine
To Advance Australia Fair.
In joyful strains then let us sing. Advance Australia Fair.
Australians come from a rich variety of cultural, ethnic, linguistic and religious backgrounds. While Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples are the original inhabitants of the land, immigrants from about 200 countries also call Australia home.
Until the 1970s. the majority of immigrants to Australia came from Europe. These days Australia receives many more immigrants from Asia, and since 1996 the number of immigrants from Africa and the Middle East has almost doubled.
Australia’s immigration policy welcomes people from all over the world and does not discriminate on racial cultural or religious grounds. Australians embrace the spectrum of religious beliefs and Buddhist. Christian. Hindu. Jewish. Muslim. Sikh and other places of worship are found in almost every major city.
Known as one of the great agricultural, mining and energy producers. Australia has one of the world’s most open and varied economies, with a highly educated workforce and an extensive services sector.
Underpinning Australia’s strong economy is its open and transparent trade and investment environment business- friendly regulatory approach and its trade and economic links with emerging economies, particularly in Asia.
Australia’s economy is considered one of the strongest, most stable and diverse in the world. In 2015. Australia entered its 25th year of uninterrupted annual economic growth, averaging 3.3 per cent a year. The services sector is the largest part of the Australian economy, accounting for 60 per cent of gross domestic product and four out of five jobs. Australia is an important and growing financial centre, with a sophisticated financial services sector and strong regulation. A continuing process of reform to further open the economy and strengthen its competitiveness has been a key ingredient of Australia’s success.
Australia and the world
Australia is an outward-looking country that is strongly engaged with the rest of the world. For more than two centuries, Australia has been building strong and enduring ties with many countries.
These bonds have been forged through history, through common strategic interests, through trade and through people-to-people relations.
Australia is a vibrant. multicultural country. Wo are home to the world’s oldest continuous cultures, as well as Australians who identify with more than 270 ancestries. Since 1945. almost seven million people have migrated to Australia.
Approximately one quarter of Australia’s population (6.7 million people) was bom overseas and approximately half have an overseas bom parent.
One in 10 Australians speak an Asian language at home and almost 1.3 million speak a European language other than English.
Australia is active in many global and regional institutions. It was a founding member of the United Nations and is among the leading contributors to the UN’s regular and peacekeeping budgets.
In its international economic engagement Australia aims to build greater prosperity for Australia and the world. To achieve this. Australia supports efforts to liberalise trade, boost economic growth, encourage investments and assist business through economic diplomacy.
STUDY IN AUSTRALIA
Education is Australia’s largest services export. In 2016, more than 440,000 international students were studying and living in Australia, adding A$19.5 billion to the Australian economy.
International students are attracted to Australia by its high standard of teaching, its internationally accepted qualifications, and its welcoming and diverse society.
Australia has more than one thousand universities, training colleges. English language institutes and schools, offering international students some 25.000 courses. The quality of Australia’s vocational education and training sector is recognised around the world.
Six Australian universities were named among the world s top 100 higher education institutions in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2015-16. Australia’s two largest cities. Melbourne and Sydney, were ranked among the top 10 best student cities in the world according to the OS World University Rankings. In May 2014. Sydney was ranked the most popular city in the world for international students by global consultancy firm A. T. Kearney.
In 2015 there were almost 500.000 international students studying in Australia (a ten per cent increase over 2014 figures). Students from China contributed 27.3 per cent of all international students in Australia, the highest of any nationality. India was second, contributing 10.8 per cent and Vietnam third with 4.4 per cent
ENGLISH LANGUAGE TRAINING
Australia’s English language schools offer various services. They range from short courses for students visiting Australia as part of a holiday: to formal courses to prepare for accredited levels of English recognised by education and immigration authorities around the world. In 2014. students from all over the wortd came to Australia to study English. 66 per cent of overseas enrolments in English language intensive courses in 2014 were from Asian countries, including China. Japan. South Korea. Thailand. Vietnam and Taiwan.
Education has the power to transform lives and create enduring social and economic impact The Australian Government’s Australia Awards are prestigious scholarships and fellowships that strive to develop leadership potential and stimulate lasting change. Each year they offer about 4.000 of the best and the brightest emerging leaders from around the world the opportunity to undertake study, research and professional development in premier tertiary institutions in Australia and the region. Australia Awards recipients return nome as high profile members of an engaged and influential alumni network that links Australia, its regional neighbours and the international community.
THE NEW COLOMBO PLAN
The New Colombo Plan is a flagship Australian Government initiative providing opportunities for Australian undergraduate students to study and undertake internships in 38 locations throughout the Indo-Pacific region.
The New Colombo Plan aims to lift knowledge of the Indo-Pacific region in Australia, build leadership skills, foster people – to – people links and further develop business and institutional relationships.
The program is supporting thousands of students each year to study and undertake work-based experiences in the region through student mobility grants and scholarships.