Mahadi Hasan Badhon
Although the Bachelor of Education (B Ed) training for teachers of government and non-government schools, colleges and madrasas is mandatory, more than one and half lakh teachers are teaching in different institutions without it.
Though B Ed training is not mandatory to join the institutions, it is mandatory to take the training within five years of joining as a government school or college teacher.
If a teacher has B Ed training, they will get additional increments by joining in the 10th grade. B Ed training for private institute teachers will upgrade them from 11th grade to 10th grade.
Meanwhile, the government does not have an adequate number of trained teachers to provide quality education to the students while talking about ensuring quality education in the country by implementing the sustainable development goals (SDGs) by 2030.
According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Educational Information and Statistics (BANBEIS), a total of 431,822 teachers are in the country’s government and MPO-affiliated private schools, colleges and madrasas. Of them, 158,722 teachers have no B Ed training. Among them, there are 1, 28, 473 male and 30,249 female teachers. That means more than one-third of the teachers of government-private schools-colleges and madrasas do not have this training.
Statistics also show that 4,098 teachers who are 30 years old, 61,281 teachers aged between 31 and 40 years, 61,087 teachers from 41 to 50 years, and 30,256 teachers 51 to 60 years, have no B Ed training.
More than 100,000 MPO Madrasah teachers are engaged in teaching at the Dakhil and Alim levels. Most of them do not have a B Ed or equivalent degree. Maximum 10 thousand teachers have B Ed level degrees.
Though the Madrasah Education Department was formed a few years ago, it is learnt that they still could not start working to improve the quality of teachers.
A meeting was held at the Ministry of Education at the beginning of last month to ensure quality education in implementing the SDGs. A decision was made to ensure B Ed training to increase the number of qualified teachers.
When contacted, AASM Arefin Siddique, the 27th vice-chancellor of the University of Dhaka, told Bangladesh Post, “It is very much needed to impart training to the teachers. Among the teachers, those who did not get the opportunity to get the B Ed degree, should get the training to make them more efficient.
About creative educational method in educational institutions, Arefin Siddique said, “The quality of education that we wanted to ensure by the creative educational method, we did not make sure that way.” He also said, we need to do more research work on how we can maintain our quality of education.
Faculty member of the Institute of Education and Research (IER) Dr Mohammad Ali Zinnah told Bangladesh Post, “At first the degree was in primary education (PD), then it was Master of Education (M Ed). Training in B Ed degree teaches what types of educational instruments are needed, and which kind of evaluation makes learning more fruitful.
Dr Zinnah said, “At first, it was mandatory for educational institutions that only two or three teachers get the opportunity to acquire the B Ed training from an institution. At the time most of the teachers were deprived of the training.
About the training programme he said, it is very much important for a teacher to get profound knowledge about teaching. Three types of learning qualities that a teacher acquires through this training include cognitive, psychometric and effective qualities.
Educationalist Emdadul Haque, Professor at the University of Chittagong told Bangladesh Post, “A teacher gets practical knowledge and technical skills on teaching through B Ed training.
He also said, “To achieve the sustainable development goals by 2030, we have to ensure quality education, and good teachers will be required in this regard. The B Ed training will help to ensure the quality of education.”